“At present marks a decisive step in your path in the direction of the European Union,” European Council President Charles Michel stated on Twitter after talks in Brussels. The leaders additionally agreed to just accept Moldova’s candidacy.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky stated he “sincerely commends” the European Council’s determination, calling it a “distinctive and historic second in EU-Ukraine relations”.
The choice, taken on the EU Council summit, comes every week after European Fee President Ursula von der Leyen stated the bloc’s govt physique’s view was that Ukraine deserved candidate standing as a result of it had “clearly demonstrated the aspirations of the nation and the individuals of the nation’s dedication to reside as much as the European values and requirements.
Nevertheless, it is going to nonetheless doubtless be years earlier than Ukraine can be a part of the European Union. The method is prolonged and requires approval from 27 member states at practically each stage. Because of this there are a number of alternatives for member states to make use of the veto as a political bargaining chip.
Earlier than Ukraine can start negotiations to affix the bloc, it should first meet the Copenhagen Standards – a obscure triad of necessities targeted on whether or not or not a rustic has a functioning free market financial system; whether or not its establishments are certified to uphold European values akin to human rights and the EU’s interpretation of the rule of legislation; and whether or not it has a working and inclusive democracy.
It’s unlikely that Ukraine would be capable to meet these standards when the nation was at warfare, nevertheless, von der Leyen acknowledged that it had begun making progress in reaching them lengthy earlier than the invasion.
As soon as these standards are met and all member states have agreed to start talks on the 35 negotiation chapters – from commerce to legislation to civil society – Ukraine should then undertake home reforms with a purpose to meet the requirements required in every of those areas. Once more, all member states should agree to satisfy these necessities earlier than closing every chapter.
As soon as that occurs, the choice should be authorised by the European Parliament and legislative agendas, and at last, Ukraine might be a member state of the European Union.
The common time it takes to affix the European Union is 4 years and 10 months, in response to the UK in a Altering Europe assume tank. Nevertheless, some Japanese European member states needed to wait as much as 10 years.
On prime of an extended and complex course of, there are additionally political concerns that might frustrate Ukraine’s European dream.
Not each member state is thrilled about Ukraine being thought of to affix the bloc. Subsequently, a number of at every stage is more likely to be tempted to throw a wrench into the works with a purpose to achieve a concession on one thing else the EU is discussing – such because the allocation of EU funds.
France, Germany, and Hungary had been much less unhappy about their help. Solely after a go to to the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, did the leaders of France, Germany and Italy indicated that they might help Ukraine’s standing as a candidate. Hungary has additionally slowed down, for varied causes, albeit most notably as Russia’s largest ally within the European Union.
Zelensky additionally criticized some European international locations for not offering sufficient weapons as a result of Ukraine is within the midst of a determined battle to defend the Luhansk area within the east of the nation.
The explanations for his or her reluctance vary from issues about corruption to a switch of energy from the bloc’s west to the east if Ukraine is accepted. There are additionally issues about how a lot Ukraine may eat from the EU finances.
Whereas all member states endorsed the nomination, there are nonetheless a number of alternatives for leaders to dig of their heels over the approaching years.
Ukraine’s lengthy journey to the European Union has simply begun. Its standing as a candidate could symbolize an ethical victory and ship a vociferous message to Russia. However the actuality is that Ukraine now has to – largely by itself – to make reforms that might be robust sufficient in the very best of instances, to not point out being invaded by a overseas military.